Kumbakonam

Having seen the quartet: “Perumal Koil” (Kancheepuram Varadaraja Perumal Temple), “Koil” (Srirangam), “Malai” (Tirumala, Tirupati) and Melukote, it is now time to visit Kumbakonam, the “temple city”.

I have mainly covered Lord Oppiliappan Temple and also Lord Saarangapani Temple, Lord Ramaswamy Temple and Lord Saaranatha Swamy Temple, Thirucherai.

Lord Oppiliappan Temple, also known as Thiruvinnagar of Venkatachalapathy Temple is a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, located near Thirunageswaram, a village in the outskirts of the Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is counted as the 60th of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu. Vishnu is worshiped as Lord Oppiliappan and his consort Lakshmi as Bhumi Devi. Lord Oppiliappan is considered the elder brother of the presiding deity of Tirupathi Venkateshwara Temple. The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Periazhwar, Thirumangai Azhwar and Nammazhwar.”

For more information, please refer the wiki page: Lord Oppiliappan Temple.

Saarangapani Temple is a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, located in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars. This temple is along Kaveri and is one of the Pancharanga Kshetrams (“five Rangams or Ranganathas”) is a group of five sacred Hindu temples, dedicated to Ranganatha, a form of the God Vishnu, on the banks of the Kaveri River). Saarangapani is the largest Vishnu temple in Kumbakonam and has the tallest temple tower in the town. The rajagopuram (the main gateway) has eleven tiers and has a height of 173 ft (53 m). There are five other smaller gopurams (towers) in the temple. Saarangapani temple is considered third in the line of Srirangam and Tirupathi temples. The temple is revered in Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Andal in one, Periyalvar in three, Bhoothathalvar in two, Thirumalisai Alvar in seven, Peialvar in two, Nammalvar in eleven and Thirumangai Alvar in 25 verses.”

For more information, please refer the wiki page: Sarangapani temple, Kumbakonam.

Ramaswamy Temple is dedicated to Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu located in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is one of the prominent Vishnu temples in Kumbakonam. The temple has a 3-tiered gopuram surrounded by walls. The central shrine houses the image of Rama in a seated posture with his consort Sita. The other images are of his brothers Lakshmana, Bharatha and Chatruguna in standing posture and Hanuman in worship posture. The sixty four pillars in the hall near the gopuram are sculpted with exquisite finesse depicting various episodes of the epic Ramayana.”

For more information, please refer the wiki page: Ramaswamy Temple, Kumbakonam

Saranathan Temple in Thirucherai, a village in the outskirts of Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Saranathan and his consort Lakshmi as Saranayaki. The rajagopuram, the temple’s gateway tower has five tiers and raises to a height of 120 ft (37 m). The temple is unique where the presiding deity Vishnu has five consorts, Sri MahaLakshmi, Saaranayagi, Neela Devi, Bhooma Devi and Sri Devi representing the five divine elements of Perumal, Nachiyar, Vimana, Theertha and land and hence called Tirucherai”.

For more information, please refer the wiki page: Lord Saranathan temple.

Author: Rajini

"Knowledge is the ultimate perfection of self-realization.". (Srimad Bhagavatham 3.26.2) Trying to seek that knowledge through life experiences that leads to compassion, dispassion and ultimately satisfaction.

10 thoughts on “Kumbakonam”

      1. Can you write in your own words something about Him? Sthala puranam or whatever you heard from elders as a child. It will be so nice for all of us who have not been there and bring personal and interesting touch…no pressure or rush — when and only if you feel inspired. 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

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