Summary of Teachings from Srimad Bhagavatham – Part One

Prayer: Before any significant undertaking, we offer our prayers to the
Goddess Saraswathi, the Goddess of Learning, the consort of Lord Brahma and the Supreme Lord to shower His blessings to accomplish it.

Goddess Saraswathi, The Goddess of Learning

Introduction: Srimad Bhagavatham or Bhagavata Purana is a voluminous literary classic composed by the Sage Veda Vyasa or Badarayana, a literary incarnation of Lord Krishna. This was composed by Him when he was at the mature stage of spiritual realisation, after compiling the Vedas, the epic Mahabharatha that contains the Bhagavad Gita, and the esoteric Vedanta Sutras. Srimad Bhagavatham is considered in the category of Suddha Sattwa (Mode of Pure Goodness) or transcendental literature, untouched by even a tinge of materialistic tendency. Srimad Bhagavatham contains ten divisions of faith, covered in 12 Cantos with a total of 335 Chapters, estimated to contain 18,000 shlokas or verses, subject to multiple interpretations/meanings by multiple spiritual masters from multiple sampradayas or unbroken lineage.

This attempt could not be called a summary in the actual sense, it is a miniscule, infinitesimal, insignificant portrayal, a starting point to unleash the treasure to live a life of bliss even in the midst of Kali Yuga. You may go through my post – Reflections on Srimad Bhagavatham Canto 1 to have some introduction and I hope that will give you some insight before going through this post, if you could not have got a chance to come across this ancient literature.

Also please go through this chapter from Srimad Bhagavatham: Srimad Bhagavatham is the answer to all questions.

This post is prepared from my notes while studying Srimad Bhagavatham over the years through various books, commentaries, discourses, audio books etc. I must state that only the first three cantos and about 25% of the 4th canto has been covered and even in that hardly 10% of the areas has been taken. Through the mercy of Lord Shri Krishna and my devotee friends with whom I have discussions, it is my earnest desire to bring this classic wisdom to everyone who could come across it.

Here it is:

Threefold miseries applicable to all living beings:

  1. From mind and body
  2. From other living beings
  3. From other natural causes

12 sensual pleasures (rasas):  

  1. raudra (anger)
  2. adbhuta (wonder
  3. śṛṅgāra (conjugal love)
  4. hāsya(comedy)
  5. vīra (chivalry)
  6. dayā (mercy)
  7. dāsya (servitorship)
  8. sakhya (fraternity)
  9. bhayānaka(horror)
  10. bībhatsa (shock)
  11. śānta (neutrality)
  12. vātsalya (parenthood).

Four major vices of Kali-yoga (also called Age of Quarrel / Age of Darkness) – The present age:

  1. Illicit connection with women
  2. Animal slaughter
  3. Intoxication
  4. Speculative gambling of all sorts.

Six different philosophical systems :

  1. Gautama
  2. Kaṇāda
  3. Kapila
  4. Patañjali
  5. Jaimini and
  6. Aṣṭāvakra.

Aspects that sap the very vitality of human energy:

  1. Overeating
  2. Over-sense gratification
  3. Overdependence on another’s mercy
  4. Artificial standards of living.

4 asramas of Sanatana Dharma:

  1. Bhramacharya, the student life
  2. Grihastha, the householder’s life
  3. Vanaprastha, the retired and
  4. Sanyasa, the devotional life.

4 varnas of Sanatana Dharma:

  1. Brahmana, the intelligent caste
  2. Kshatriya, the martial caste
  3. Vaishya, the productive caste and
  4. Sudra, the labour caste.

4 yugas(epoch or era):

  1. Satya-yuga, the golden age
  2. Tretā-yuga, the silver age
  3. Dvāpara-yuga, the copper age and
  4. Kali-yuga, the iron age.

The Absolute Truth: 

  1. Brahman
  2. Paramātmā and
  3. Bhagavān.

Four different types of human beings:

  1. the karmīs
  2. the jñānīs
  3. the yogīs and
  4. the devotees.

Liberation from material bondage:

  1. Karma yoga
  2. Gyana yoga
  3. Bhakti yoga.

Colour of Lord Shri Krishna’s Incarnations in each yuga:

  1. White
  2. Red
  3. Black and
  4. Yellow

From Baladeva, the first phalanx of plenary expansions:

  1. Vāsudeva
  2. Saṅkarṣaṇa
  3. Pradyumna and
  4. Aniruddha.

Six Opulences:

  1. Wealth
  2. Power
  3. Fame
  4. Beauty
  5. Knowledge
  6. Renunciation

Two classes of Materialists:

  1. Fruitive workers
  2. Empiric philosophers

Devotional Activities:

  1. Transcendental realization
  2. Pious activities
  3. Worshiping the Deities
  4. Charity, mercifulness
  5. Nonviolence
  6. Studying the scriptures under strict disciplinary regulation.

Four classes of good men taking shelter of the God

  1. When they are in difficulty
  2. When they are in need of money
  3. When they are advanced in knowledge
  4. When they are inquisitive to know more and more about God

Four classes of bad men:

  1. Those who are simply addicted to the mode of progressive fruitive work and thus are subjected to the accompanying miseries
  2. Those who are simply addicted to vicious work for sense satisfaction and so suffer the consequence
  3. Those who are materially very much advanced in knowledge, but who suffer because they do not have the sense to acknowledge the authority of the almighty Lord
  4. The class of men who are known as atheists and who therefore purposely hate the very name of God, although they are always in difficulty.

Seven synonyms for the word Aatma:

  1. Brahman (the Absolute Truth
  2. Body
  3. Mind
  4. Endeavour
  5. Endurance
  6. Intelligence
  7. Personal habits.

Manu, The father of mankind, on killing of animals: “He who gives permission, he who kills the animal, he who sells the slaughtered animal, he who cooks the animal, he who administers distribution of the foodstuff, and at last he who eats such cooked animal food are all murderers, and all of them are liable to be punished by the laws of nature.”

Four principles of material advancement:

  1. high parentage
  2. good wealth
  3. high education and
  4. attractive beauty

Marks on the feet of the Lord Shri Krishna:

  1. Flag
  2. Thunderbolt
  3. instrument to drive an elephant
  4. umbrella
  5. lotus
  6. disc etc.

One Akṣauhiṇī(army division):

  1. 21,870 chariots
  2. 21,870 elephants
  3. 109,650 infantry and
  4. 65,600 cavalry.

(18 Akasuhini took part in the great battle of Mahabharata)

Rishis assembled to see Bhishmadev before his final departure:

  1. Parvata Muni
  2. Nārada
  3. Dhaumya
  4. Vyāsa the incarnation of God
  5. Bṛhadaśva
  6. Bharadvāja
  7. Paraśurāma and disciples
  8. Vasiṣṭha
  9. Indrapramada
  10. Trita
  11. Gṛtsamada
  12. Asita
  13. Kakṣīvān
  14. Gautama
  15. Atri
  16. Kauśika
  17. Sudarśana
  18. Śukadeva Gosvāmī
  19. Kaśyapa and
  20. Āṅgirasa

Thirteen daughters of Prajāpati Dakṣa:

  1. Aditi
  2. Diti
  3. Danu
  4. Kāṣṭhā
  5. Ariṣṭā
  6. Surasā
  7. Ilā
  8. Muni
  9. Krodhavaśā
  10. Tāmrā
  11. Surabhi
  12. Saramā and
  13. Timi.

Twelve great devotees of the Lord:

  1. Brahmā
  2. Nārada
  3. Śiva
  4. Kumāra
  5. Kapila
  6. Manu
  7. Prahlāda
  8. Bhīṣma
  9. Janaka
  10. Śukadeva Gosvāmī
  11. Bali Mahārāja and
  12. Yamarāja.

Activities of lower animals:

  1. Eating
  2. Sleeping
  3. fearing and
  4. mating.

Nine qualifications of human beings:

  1. Not to become angry
  2. Not to lie
  3. To equally distribute wealth
  4. To forgive
  5. To beget children only by one’s legitimate wife
  6. To be pure in mind and hygienic in body
  7. Not to be inimical toward anyone
  8. To be simple
  9. To support servants or subordinates.

Devotional service of the Lord consists of nine principles of service activities:

  1. Hearing
  2. Chanting
  3. Remembering
  4. Serving the lotus feet
  5. Worshiping
  6. Praying
  7. Executing the orders
  8. Fraternizing, and
  9. Fully surrendering.

Seven mothers to everyone:

  1. The real mother
  2. The wife of the spiritual master
  3. The wife of a Brahmana
  4. The wife of the king
  5. The cow
  6. The nurse and
  7. The earth

Servant of the Senses: 

  1. Lust
  2. Desire
  3. Anger
  4. Avarice
  5. Pride
  6. Madness and
  7. Intolerance

Three classes of Transcendentalists:

  1. The dhīra, or the one who is not disturbed by being away from family association
  2. One in the renounced order of life, a sannyāsī by frustrated sentiment and
  3. A sincere devotee of the Lord, who awakens God consciousness by hearing and chanting and leaves home depending completely on the Personality of Godhead, who resides in his heart.

Imperfections of conditioned living beings:

  1. Errors
  2. Insanity
  3. Inability and
  4. Cheating

Five important factors of knowledge in Bhagavad-gītā:

  1. the Supreme Lord
  2. the living being
  3. nature
  4. time and space and
  5. the process of activity.

Transcendental qualities of The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna:

  1. Truthfulness
  2. Cleanliness
  3. intolerance of another’s unhappiness
  4. the power to control anger
  5. self-satisfaction
  6. straightforwardness
  7. steadiness of mind
  8. control of the sense organs
  9. responsibility
  10. equality
  11. tolerance
  12. equanimity
  13. faithfulness
  14. knowledge
  15. absence of sense enjoyment
  16. leadership
  17. chivalry
  18. influence
  19. the power to make everything possible
  20. the discharge of proper duty
  21. complete independence
  22. dexterity
  23. fullness of all beauty
  24. serenity
  25. kindheartedness
  26. ingenuity
  27. gentility
  28. magnanimity
  29. determination
  30. perfection in all knowledge
  31. proper execution
  32. possession of all objects of enjoyment
  33. joyfulness
  34. immovability
  35. fidelity
  36. fame
  37. worship
  38. pridelessness
  39. being (as the Personality of Godhead) and
  40. eternity.

The 14th quality, knowledge refers to:

  1. Intelligence
  2. Gratefulness
  3. power of understanding the circumstantial environments of place, object and time
  4. perfect knowledge of everything and
  5. knowledge of the self.

Four legs/principles of religion:

  1. Austerity
  2. Cleanliness
  3. Mercy and
  4. Truthfulness.

Irreligious Principles:

  1. Greed
  2. Falsehood
  3. Robbery
  4. Incivility
  5. Treachery
  6. Misfortune
  7. Cheating
  8. Quarrel and
  9. Vanity.

Rsis assembled to see Maharaj Parikshit on his fast unto death:

  1. Atri
  2. Cyavana
  3. Śaradvān
  4. Ariṣṭanemi
  5. Bhṛgu
  6. Vasiṣṭha
  7. Parāśara
  8. Viśvāmitra
  9. Aṅgirā
  10. Paraśurāma
  11. Utathya
  12. Indrapramada
  13. Idhmavāhu
  14. Medhātithi
  15. Devala
  16. Ārṣṭiṣeṇa
  17. Bhāradvāja
  18. Gautama
  19. Pippalāda
  20. Maitreya
  21. Aurva
  22. Kavaṣa
  23. Kumbhayoni
  24. Dvaipāyana and
  25. the great personality Nārada.

Vaikuṇṭha planets (The Supreme Lord’s Abode):

  1. Puruṣottamaloka
  2. Acyutaloka
  3. Trivikramaloka
  4. Hṛṣīkeśaloka
  5. Keśavaloka
  6. Aniruddhaloka
  7. Mādhavaloka
  8. Pradyumnaloka
  9. Saṅkarṣaṇaloka
  10. Śrīdharaloka
  11. Vāsudevaloka
  12. Ayodhyāloka
  13. Dvārakāloka etc.

Ten offenses at the feet of the holy name of the Lord:

  1. Vilify the great devotees who have preached about the glories of the Lord
  2. See the holy names of the Lord in terms of worldly distinction
  3. Neglect the orders of the authorized ācāryas or spiritual masters
  4. Vilify scriptures or Vedic knowledge
  5. Define the holy name of the Lord in terms of one’s mundane calculation
  6. Interpret the holy name
  7. Commit sins intentionally on the strength of the holy name
  8. Consider the holy name of the Lord and His chanting method to be equal to some material auspicious activity
  9. Instruct those who are not interested in chanting the holy name of the Lord
  10. Become uninterested in the holy name of the Lord even after hearing of the transcendental nature of the holy name.

14 planetary systems: 

7 upward planetary systems : 

  1. Bhūr
  2. Bhuvar
  3. Svar
  4. Mahar
  5. Janas
  6. Tapas and
  7. Satya one above the other.

7 downward planetary systems one below the other:

  1. Atala
  2. Vitala
  3. Sutala
  4. Talātala
  5. Mahātala
  6. Rasātala and
  7. Pātāla

Virat-rupa : Constituents of the gigantic universal form of the Personality of Godhead, within the body of the universal shell:

  1. Pātāla – bottoms of the feet of the universal Lord
  2. Rasātala – the heels and the toes
  3. Mahātala – The ankles
  4. Talātala – The Shanks
  5. Sutala – The knees
  6. Vitala and Atala – The two thighs
  7. Mahītala – The hips
  8. Outer space – The depression of His navel.
  9. The luminary planetary system — The chest
  10. Mahar – The neck
  11. Janas – Mouth
  12. Tapas – Forehead
  13. The topmost planetary system, Satyaloka – Head of He who has one thousand heads.
  14. Demigods headed by Indra – Arms
  15. The ten directional sides and physical sound is His sense of hearing – Ears
  16. The two Aśvinī-kumāras, and material fragrance is His sense of smell – Nostrils
  17. The blazing fire – Mouth
  18. Sphere of outer space – Eyepits
  19. Sun as the power of seeing – Eyeball
  20. Both the day and night – Eyelids
  21. Brahmā and similar supreme personalities – Movements of His eyebrows
  22. The director of water, Varuṇa, and the juice or essence of everything is His tongue – Palate
  23. Vedic hymns – The cerebral passage of the Lord
  24. Yama, god of death, who punishes the sinners – Jaws of teeth
  25. The art of affection – His set of teeth
  26. The most alluring illusory material energy – His smile.
  27. Great ocean of material creation – The casting of His glance over us.
  28. Modesty – Upper portion of His lips
  29. Hankering – His chin
  30. Religion – His breast
  31. Irreligion –  His back
  32. Brahmājī – His genitals
  33. Mitrā-varuṇas – His two testicles
  34. The ocean – His waist
  35. The hills and mountains – The stacks of His bones.
  36. The rivers – The veins of the gigantic body
  37. The trees – The hairs of His body
  38. Omnipotent air – His breath
  39. The passing ages – His movements
  40. His activities – The reactions of the three modes of material nature.
  41. The clouds which carry water – The hairs on His head
  42. The terminations of days or nights – His dress
  43. The supreme cause of material creation – His intelligence.
  44. The moon, the reservoir of all changes – His mind
  45. The principle of matter [mahat-tattva] – The consciousness of the omnipresent Lord
  46. Rudradeva – His ego.
  47. The horse, mule, camel and elephant – His nails
  48. Wild animals and all quadrupeds – The belt zone of the Lord.
  49. Varieties of birds – His masterful artistic sense
  50. Manu, the father of mankind – The emblem of His standard intelligence
  51. Humanity – His residence
  52. The celestial species of human beings, like the Gandharvas, Vidyādharas, Cāraṇas and angels – His musical rhythm
  53. The demoniac soldiers – His wonderful prowess.
  54. The virāṭ-puruṣa’s face : brāhmaṇas, arms : kṣatriyas, thighs : vaiśyas, śūdras : the protection of His feet.

Twenty-four forms of the localized Personality of Godhead:

  1. Puruṣottama
  2. Acyuta
  3. Narasiṁha
  4. Trivikrama
  5. Hṛṣīkeśa
  6. Keśava
  7. Mādhava
  8. Aniruddha
  9. Pradyumna
  10. Saṅkarṣaṇa
  11. Śrīdhara
  12. Vāsudeva
  13. Dāmodara
  14. Janārdana
  15. Nārāyaṇa
  16. Hari
  17. Padmanābha
  18. Vāmana
  19. Madhusūdana
  20. Govinda
  21. Kṛṣṇa
  22. Viṣṇu-mūrti
  23. Adhokṣaja and
  24. Upendra.

Paramātmā in the heart: Symbols from the lower right hand up and down to the lower left hand with:

  1. Lotus
  2. wheel of a chariot
  3. conchshell and
  4. club respectively — Janārdana.

Desires and Corresponding Deities of worship:

  1. To be absorbed in the impersonal brahmajyoti effulgence : Master of the Vedas [Lord Brahmā or Bṛhaspati, the learned priest]
  2. Powerful sex : Heavenly King, Indra
  3. Good progeny : Prajāpatis
  4. Good fortune : Durgādevī, the superintendent of the material world
  5. Very powerful : Fire
  6. Only after money : Vasus
  7. Great hero : Rudra incarnations of Lord Śiva
  8. Large stock of grains : Aditi.
  9. Attain the heavenly planets : Sons of Aditi.
  10. Worldly kingdom : Viśvadeva
  11. Popular with the general mass of population : Sādhya demigod
  12. Long span of life : Aśvinī-kumāras
  13. Strongly built body : The earth
  14. Stability in his post : Horizon and the earth combined
  15. To be beautiful : Beautiful residents of the Gandharva planet
  16. Good wife : Apsarās and the Urvaśī society girls of the heavenly kingdom
  17. Domination over others : Lord Brahmā, the head of the universe
  18. Tangible fame : The Personality of Godhead
  19. Good bank balance : Varuṇa
  20. Greatly learned man : Lord Śiva
  21. Good marital relation : Umā, the wife of Lord Śiva.
  22. Spiritual advancement in knowledge : Lord Viṣṇu or His devotee
  23. Protection of heredity and advancement of a dynasty : Various demigods.
  24. Domination over a kingdom or an empire : The Manus
  25. Victory over an enemy : The demons
  26. Sense gratification : The moon
  27. Nothing of material enjoyment : The Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Conclusion: A person who has broader intelligence, whether he be full of all material desire, without any material desire, or desiring liberation, must by all means : The Personality of Godhead.

Five perceptive senses:

  1. Hearing
  2. Touch
  3. Sight
  4. Taste and
  5. Smell

Five senses of action:

  1. Hands
  2. Legs
  3. Speech
  4. Evacuation organs
  5. Reproductive organs

Three subtle senses:

  1. Mind
  2. Intelligence
  3. Ego

Five elementary material ingredients:

  1. Earth
  2. Water
  3. Fire
  4. Air and
  5. Sky

Manifestation of three modes of material nature:

  1. Ignorance :: Matter
  2. Passion :: Activities
  3. Goodness :: Knowledge

Creation of Material Elements:

  1. From the darkness of false ego à First element – Sky: Subtle form – Sound.
  2. From Sky à Air: Subtle form – Touch.
  3. From Air à Fire: Subtle form – Form.
  4. From Fire à Water: Subtle form – Taste.
  5. From Water à Earth: Subtle form – Odor.

The effects are cumulative, the subsequent elements accumulating the qualities of previous ones.

Creation from the three modes of material nature:

Mode of Goodness:

  1. The mind.
  2. The Ten Gods controlling the bodily movements:
  3. The controller of directions (Ears)
  4. The controller of air – (Skin / Touch)
  5. The sun-god (Eyes)
  6. The father of Daksha Prajāpati (Reproductive Organs)
  7. The Aśvinī-kumāras (Nose)
  8. The fire-god (Tongue / Palate)
  9. The King of heaven – Indra (Hands)
  10. The worshipable deity in heaven – (Legs)
  11. The chief of the Ādityas – (Consciousness)
  12. Brahmājī, the Prajāpati. (The Heart)

Mode of Passion:

The sense organs:

  1. Ear
  2. Skin
  3. Nose
  4. Eyes
  5. Tongue
  6. Mouth
  7. Hands
  8. Genitals
  9. Legs
  10. The outlet for evacuating
  11. Intelligence and
  12. Living energy.

Mode of Ignorance:

The five material elements mentioned above.

Three energies (tri-śakti-dhṛk) of the Lord:

  1. Internal
  2. marginal and
  3. external.

Confirmation of Puruṣa-sūkta, the hymn dedicated to Purusha, the cosmic being:

  1. The mouth of the virāṭ-puruṣa [the universal form of the Lord] : Generating center of the voice – the controlling deity is Fire
  2. Skin and six other layers : Generating centers of the Vedic hymns
  3. Tongue : The productive center of different foodstuffs and delicacies for offering to the demigods, the forefathers and the general mass of people.
  4. Two Nostrils : The generating centers of breathing and of all other airs
  5. Smelling powers : Generate the Aśvinī-kumāra demigods and all kinds of medicinal herbs
  6. Breathing : Different kinds of fragrance.
  7. Eyes : Generating centers of all kinds of forms that glitter and illuminate
  8. Eyeballs : Sun and the heavenly planets.
  9. Ears : Hear from all sides and are receptacles for all the Vedas
  10. Sense of hearing : Generating center of the sky and of all kinds of sound.
  11. Bodily surface : Breeding ground for the active principles of everything and for all kinds of auspicious opportunities.
  12. Skin : Generating center for all kinds of sense of touch and is the place for performing all kinds of sacrifice.
  13. Hairs on His body – All vegetation, particularly of those trees which are required as ingredients for sacrifice
  14. Hairs on His head and face : Reservoirs for the clouds
  15. Nails : Breeding ground of electricity, stones and iron ores.
  16. Arms : Productive fields for the great demigods and other leaders of the living entities who protect the general masses.
  17. Forward steps of the Lord : Shelter for the upper, lower and heavenly planets
  18. Lotus feet : Protection from all kinds of fear.
  19. Genitals : originate water, semen, generatives, rains and the procreators. Cause of a pleasure that counteracts the distress of begetting.
  20. Evacuating outlet : Controlling deity of death, Mitra
  21. Evacuating hole : The rectum of the Lord is the place of envy, misfortune, death, hell, etc.
  22. Back of the Lord : Place for all kinds of frustration and ignorance, as well as for immorality.
  23. Veins : Great rivers and rivulets
  24. Bones : Great mountains.
  25. Impersonal feature of the Lord : Abode of great oceans
  26. Belly : Resting place for the materially annihilated living entities
  27. Heart : Abode of the subtle material bodies of living beings. Thus it is known by the intelligent class of men.
  28. Consciousness : Abode of religious principles — The Supreme Lord, Brahma, and those of the four bachelors Sanaka, Sanātana, Sanat-kumāra and Sanandana. It is also the abode of truth and transcendental knowledge.
  29. Phenomenal manifestations of the universes : The planets, stars, asteroids, luminaries, lightning, thunder, and the inhabitants of the different planetary systems.
  30. Inhabitants of the different planetary systems : The Gandharvas, Apsarās, Yakṣas, Rakṣas, Bhūtagaṇas, Uragas, Paśus, Pitās, Siddhas, Vidyādharas, Cāraṇas, and all other different varieties of living entities.
  31. Aspects of Time : Past, Present and Future
  32. That are covered by the universal form of the Lord at all times : Brahmā, Narada, Bhava [Śiva], all the great sages, the demigods, the demons, the Nāgas, the human beings, the birds, the beasts, the reptiles, the phenomenal manifestations of the universes, the inhabitants of the different planetary systems, the birds, beasts, trees and everything that be.

Attributes of the Kingdom of God:

  1. Deathlessness
  2. Fearlessness
  3. Freedom from the anxieties of old age and disease.

Fragments of the transcendental potency of the Lord :

  1. Brahmā
  2. Lord Śiva
  3. Lord Viṣṇu
  4. Dakṣa and Prajāpati
  5. Nārada and the Kumāras
  6. Indra and Candra
  7. the leaders of the Bhūrloka planets, earthly planets, lower planets, Gandharva planets, Vidyādhara planets, Cāraṇaloka planets
  8. Yakṣas
  9. Rakṣas and Uragas
  10. great sages
  11. great demons
  12. great atheists
  13. great spacemen
  14. dead bodies
  15. evil spirits
  16. satans
  17. jinn,
  18. kūṣmāṇḍas
  19. great aquatics
  20. great beasts and great birds, etc.

Conclusion: Anything and everything which is exceptionally possessed of power, opulence, mental and perceptual dexterity, strength, forgiveness, beauty, modesty, opulence, and breeding, whether in form or formless.

Main Characters in the Epic Ramayana:

  1. Lord Rāmacandra – Incarnation of Vāsudeva
  2. Lakṣmaṇa – Incarnation of Saṅkarṣaṇa
  3. Bharata – Incarnation of Pradyumna
  4. Śatrughna – Incarnation of Aniruddha and
  5. Lakṣmījī Sītā – Internal potency of the Lord.

Demonic personalities Killed by Lord Krishna/Balaram :

  1. Putana
  2. Pralamba
  3. Dhenuka
  4. Baka
  5. Keśī
  6. Ariṣṭa
  7. Cāṇūra
  8. Muṣṭika
  9. Kuvalayāpīḍa elephant
  10. Kaṁsa
  11. Yavana
  12. Narakāsura
  13. Pauṇḍraka
  14. great marshals like Śālva
  15. Dvivida monkey
  16. Balvala
  17. Dantavakra
  18. the seven bulls
  19. Śambara
  20. Vidūratha
  21. Rukmī
  22. Kāmboja
  23. Matsya
  24. Kuru
  25. Sṛñjaya and
  26. Kekaya etc,

Potencies of the Lord through yoga-māyā potencies known to:

  1. the all-powerful Śiva
  2. Prahlāda Mahārāja
  3. Svāyambhuva Manu
  4. Śatarūpā
  5. Priyavrata
  6. Uttānapāda
  7. Ākūti
  8. Devahūti
  9. Prasūti
  10. Prācīnabarhi
  11. Ṛbhu
  12. Aṅga the father of Vena
  13. Mahārāja Dhruva
  14. Ikṣvāku
  15. Aila
  16. Mucukunda
  17. Mahārāja Janaka
  18. Gādhi
  19. Raghu
  20. Ambarīṣa
  21. Sagara
  22. Gaya
  23. Nāhuṣa
  24. Māndhātā
  25. Alarka
  26. Śatadhanve
  27. Anu
  28. Rantideva
  29. Bhīṣma
  30. Bali
  31. Amūrttaraya
  32. Dilīpa
  33. Saubhari
  34. Utaṅka
  35. Śibi
  36. Devala
  37. Pippalāda
  38. Sārasvata
  39. Uddhava
  40. Parāśara
  41. Bhūriṣeṇa
  42. Vibhīṣaṇa
  43. Hanumān
  44. Śukadeva Gosvāmī
  45. Arjuna
  46. Ārṣṭiṣeṇa
  47. Vidura
  48. Śrutadeva, etc.

8,400,000 varieties of material bodies in the universe:

  1. 900,000 in the water
  2. 2,000,000 vegetable bodies
  3. 1,100,000 worms and reptiles
  4. 1,000,000 forms of birds
  5. ,000,000 different bodies of beasts and
  6. 400,000 human forms.

Six material changes:

  1. Birth
  2. Growth
  3. Existence
  4. Transformations
  5. Deterioration and
  6. Annihilation.

Four creative material energies of the Lord: the principles of:

  1. prakṛti
  2. puruṣa
  3. mahat-tattva and
  4. ego.

The elementary sixteen items of matter (Sarga):

  1. The five elements (earth, water, air, fire and sky)
  2. the five perceptive sense organs (the eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin)
  3. the five working sense organs (the hand, the leg, the stomach, the evacuation outlet and the genitals) and
  4. the mind.

The five sense objects:

  1. Form
  2. Taste
  3. Smell
  4. sound and
  5. touch.

The twenty-five items serving the Lord in the material creation:

  1. Four Material creative energies
  2. Sixteen Material elements and
  3. Five Sense objects.

Two kinds of penance:

  1. One for sense gratification
  2. Other for self-realization.

Three departments of human knowledge disseminated by the Vedas :

  1. fruitive work (karma-kāṇḍa)
  2. transcendental knowledge (jñāna-kāṇḍa) and
  3. devotional service (upāsanā-kāṇḍa).

Ten divisions of statements in Srimad Bhagavatham:

  1. The creation of the universe
  2. Sub creation
  3. Planetary systems
  4. Protection by the Lord
  5. The creative impetus
  6. The change of Manus
  7. The science of God
  8. Returning home
  9. Back to Godhead
  10. Liberation, and
  11. The summum bonum

Seven elements of the body:

  1. The thin layer on the skin
  2. The skin itself
  3. The flesh
  4. Blood
  5. Fat
  6. Marrow and
  7. Bone – made of earth, water and fire.

Life breath:

  1. Sky
  2. Water and
  3. Air

Four transcendental qualifications:

  1. Unmanifested
  2. Transcendental
  3. eternal, and
  4. beyond the conception of mind or word.

Science of God:

  1. Incarnations of the Personality of Godhead
  2. His different activities together with the activities of His great devotees.

Potency of His Lordship dividing one into three:

  1. The controlling entities
  2. The controlled entities and
  3. The material bodies.

Manifestations from the transcendental body of Mahā-Viṣṇu:

  1. Sky : sense energy, mental force and bodily strength, the sum total of the fountainhead of the total living force.
  2. Living force : hunger and thirst
  3. Drink and eat : the mouth opened
  4. Mouth : the palate became manifested, the tongue, the different tastes came into existence.
  5. Speak : speeches were vibrated from the mouth, Fire was generated from the mouth.
  6. Smell odors : the nostrils and respiration, nasal instrument and odors, controlling deity of air, carrying smell.
  7. Eyes, the Sun God: the power of vision and the object of sight all became manifested.
  8. Great sages to know : the ears, the power of hearing, the controlling deity of hearing, and the objects of hearing became manifested.
  9. Perceive : physical characteristics of matter, softness, hardness, warmth, cold, lightness and heaviness, the background of sensation, the skin, the skin pores, the hairs on the body and their controlling deities (the trees).
  10. Perform varieties of work : the two hands and their controlling strength, and Indra, the demigod in heaven.
  11. Control movement : His legs, from the legs the controlling deity named Viṣṇu.
  12. Sexual pleasure, begetting offspring and tasting heavenly nectar : the genitals, the genital organ and its controlling deity, the Prajāpati.
  13. Evacuate the refuse of eatables : the evacuating hole, anus, the sensory organ along with the controlling deity Mitra.
  14. Move from one body to another : the navel and the air of departure and death. The navel is the shelter for both, namely death and the separating force.
  15. Have food and drink : the abdomen and the intestines and also the arteries. The rivers and seas are the source of their sustenance and metabolism.
  16. Think about the activities of His own energy : the heart (the seat of the mind), the mind, the moon, determination and all desires.
  17. Sense organs : modes of material nature.
  18. Modes of material nature : false ego.
  19. Mind : All kinds of material experiences (happiness and distress).
  20. Intelligence : mind’s deliberation.

Living entities created by the Supreme Lord according to their past deeds :

  1. Brahmā and his sons like Dakṣa
  2. the periodical heads like Vaivasvata Manu
  3. the demigods like Indra, Candra and Varuṇa
  4. the great sages like Bhṛgu, Vyāsa and Vasiṣṭha
  5. the inhabitants of Pitṛloka and Siddhaloka
  6. the Cāraṇas, Gandharvas, Vidyādharas, Asuras, Yakṣas, Kinnaras and angels,
  7. the serpentines
  8. the monkey-shaped Kimpuruṣas
  9. the human beings
  10. the inhabitants of Mātṛloka
  11. the demons, Piśācas, ghosts, spirits, lunatics and evil spirits
  12. the good and evil stars
  13. the goblins
  14. the animals in the forest
  15. the birds
  16. the household animals
  17. the reptiles
  18. the mountains
  19. the moving and standing living entities
  20. the living entities born from embryos, from eggs, from perspiration and from seeds, and all others, whether they be in the water, land or sky, in happiness, in distress or in mixed happiness and distress.

Different living creatures according to the different modes of material nature

  1. Goodness: demigods
  2. Passion: human beings and
  3. Darkness: hellish living entities.

Lord’s inferior energy:

  1. Earth
  2. Water
  3. Fire
  4. Air
  5. Sky
  6. Mind
  7. Intelligence and
  8. False ego.

Lord’s Superior energy (the internal potency of the Lord):

The living entities

Ten kinds of air in the living beings:

  1. prāṇa – The main air passing through the nose in breathing.
  2. apāna – The air which passes through the rectum as evacuated bodily air.
  3. samāna – The air which adjusts the foodstuff within the stomach and which sometimes sounds as belching.
  4. udāna – The air which passes through the throat and the stoppage of which constitutes suffocation.
  5. vyāna – The total air which circulates throughout the entire body.
  6. nāga – That which facilitates the opening of the eyes, mouth, etc.,
  7. kṛkara – The air which increases appetite.
  8. kūrma – The air which helps contraction.
  9. devadatta – The air which helps relaxation by opening the mouth wide (in yawning).
  10. dhanañjaya – The air which helps sustenance.

Three material manifestations:

  1. Mouth (speaking power) : Fire (ādhidaiva)
  2. Speech (ādhyātma)
  3. Subject matter of the speech (ādhibhūta)

Nine different kinds of creations (prākṛta):

Six natural creations by the external energy of the Lord:

  1. first – Creation of the mahat-tattva, or the sum total of the material ingredients.
  2. second – the false ego in which the material ingredients, material knowledge and material activities arise.
  3. third – sense perceptions and the elements.
  4. fourth – knowledge and working capacity.
  5. fifth – Controlling deities by the mode of goodness, of which the mind is the sum total.
  6. sixth – Ignorant darkness of the living entity.

Creations by Brahmā as an incarnation of the mode of passion:

  1. seventh – immovable entities –> six kinds –> the fruit trees without flowers, trees and plants which exist until the fruit is ripe, creepers, pipe plants, creepers which have no support, and trees with flowers and fruits.
  2. eighth – lower species of life numbering twenty-eight –> the cow, goat, buffalo, kṛṣṇa stag, hog, gavaya animal, deer, lamb and camel all have cloven hooves, the horse, mule, ass, gaura, śarabha bison and wild cow all have only one hoof. the dog, jackal, tiger, fox, cat, rabbit, sajāru, lion, monkey, elephant, tortoise, alligator, gosāpa, etc., all have five nails in their claws, the heron, vulture, crane, hawk, bhāsa, bhallūka, peacock, swan, sārasa, cakravāka, crow, owl and others are the birds.
  3. ninth – human beings.

tenth – vaikṛta – demigods:

Kumāras – both prākṛta and vaikṛta.

Eight Demigods:

  1. the demigods
  2. the forefathers
  3. the asuras, or demons
  4. the Gandharvas and Apsarās, or angels
  5. the Yakṣas and Rākṣasas
  6. the Siddhas, Cāraṇas and Vidyādharas
  7. the Bhūtas, Pretas and Piśācas, and
  8. the superhuman beings, celestial singers, etc.

Three kinds of Annihilations:

  1. Scheduled time of annihilation of the entire universe
  2. Fire which emanates from the mouth of Ananta (Sankharshana) at the bottom of the universe.
  3. One’s qualitative actions and reactions.

Division of gross time:

  1. Two atoms = One double atom
  2. Three double atoms = One hexatom.
  3. Three trasareṇus (hexatom) = One truṭi
  4. One hundred truṭis = one vedha.
  5. Three vedhas = one lava.
  6. Three lavas = one nimeṣa
  7. Three nimeṣas = one kṣaṇa
  8. Five kṣaṇas = one kāṣṭhā
  9. Fifteen kāṣṭhās = one laghu.
  10. Fifteen laghus = one nāḍikā, which is also called a daṇḍa.
  11. Two daṇḍas = one muhūrta
  12. Six or seven daṇḍas = one fourth of a day or night.
  13. There are four praharas = yāmas
  14. One yāmas = 4 in the day and four in the night of the human being.
  15. Fifteen days and nights = one fortnight
  16. Two fortnights, white and black = One month.
  17. One month = one complete day and night for the Pitā planets.
  18. Two months = one season
  19. Six months = one complete movement of the sun from south to north.
  20. Two solar movements = one day and night of the demigods
  21. Combination of day and night = one complete calendar year for the human being.
  22. Duration of Live for human being = one hundred years.
  23. Four millenniums – Satya-, Tretā-, Dvāpara- and Kali-yuga.
  24. Total number of years of the four milleniums = twelve thousand years of the demigods.
  25. Satya millennium = 4,800 years of the years of the demigods
  26. Tretā millennium = 3,600 years of the demigods
  27. Dvāpara millennium = 2,400 years
  28. Kali millennium = 1,200 years of the demigods.
  29. Four yugas * one thousand = one day or night on the planet of Brahmā.
  30. Life of one Manu = a little more than seventy-one sets of four millenniums.
  31. Duration of the two parts of Brahmā’s life = one nimeṣa [less than a second] for the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Table of timings in terms of the modern clock:

  1. One truṭi — 8/13,500 second
  2. One vedha — 8/135 second
  3. One lava — 8/45 second
  4. One nimeṣa — 8/15 second
  5. One kṣaṇa — 8/5 second
  6. One kāṣṭhā — 8 seconds
  7. One laghu — 2 minutes
  8. One daṇḍa — 30 minutes
  9. One prahara — 3 hours
  10. One day — 12 hours
  11. One night — 12 hours
  12. One pakṣa — 15 days

Duration of Yugas:

  1. Satya-yuga – 4,800 × 360, = 1,728,000 Earth Years.
  2. Tretā-yuga – 3,600 × 360 = 1,296,000 Earth Years.
  3. Dvāpara-yuga – 2,400 × 360 = 864,000 Earth Years.
  4. Kali-yuga – 1,200 × 360 = 432,000 Earth Years.

Four face of Brahmā –> the four Vedas:

  1. Ṛig
  2. Yajur
  3. Sama
  4. Atharva

The fifth Veda — the Puraṇas and the histories.

Creations of Brahma:

Nescient engagements:

  1. self-deception
  2. the sense of death
  3. anger after frustration
  4. the sense of false ownership
  5. the illusory bodily conception, or forgetfulness of one’s real identity

Four great sages from Lord Brahma’s mind:

  1. Sanaka
  2. Sananda
  3. Sanātana and
  4. Sanat-kumāra

Between the eyebrows: Rudra (Lord Shiva or Sadashiva)

Places for Rudra’s residence:

  1. the heart
  2. the senses
  3. the air of life
  4. the sky
  5. the air
  6. the fire
  7. the water
  8. the earth
  9. the sun
  10. the moon and
  11. austerity.

Eleven names of Lord Rudra:

  1. Manyu
  2. Manu
  3. Mahinasa
  4. Mahān
  5. Śiva
  6. Ṛtadhvaja
  7. Ugraretā
  8. Bhava
  9. Kāla
  10. Vāmadeva and
  11. Dhṛtavrata

Eleven wives of Lord Rudra (Rudrāṇīs):

  1. Dhī
  2. Dhṛti
  3. Rasalā
  4. Umā
  5. Niyut
  6. Sarpi
  7. Ilā
  8. Ambikā
  9. Irāvatī
  10. Svadhā and
  11. Dīkṣā

Ten sons of Lord Brahma:

  1. Marīci
  2. Atri,
  3. Aṅgirā
  4. Pulastya
  5. Pulaha
  6. Kratu
  7. Bhṛgu
  8. Vasiṣṭha
  9. Dakṣa and
  10. Nārada

Places from Brahma’s body from where these ten sons took birth:

  1. Nārada –> Deliberation
  2. Vasiṣṭha –> Breathing
  3. Dakṣa –> Thumb
  4. Bhṛgu –> Touch
  5. Kratu –> Hand
  6. Pulastya –> Ears
  7. Aṅgirā –> Mouth
  8. Atri –> Eyes
  9. Marīci –> Mind and
  10. Pulaha –> Navel

More characteristics that took birth from Lord Brahma’s body:

  1. Religion –> Breast
  2. Irreligion –> Back
  3. Lust and desire –> Heart
  4. Anger –> eyebrows
  5. greed –> lips
  6. power of speaking –> mouth
  7. the ocean –> penis
  8. low and abominable activities –> anus
  9. The praṇava oṁkāra — > heart
  10. The art of literary expression, uṣṇik, — > hairs on the body
  11. The principal Vedic hymn, gāyatrī — > skin
  12. The vedic meter triṣṭup — > flesh
  13. The vedic meter anuṣṭup — > veins
  14. The vedic meter jagatī — > bones
  15. The art of writing verse, paṅkti — > bone marrow
  16. The vedic meter bṛhatī — > life-breath
  17. Brahmā’s soul — > the touch alphabets
  18. body — > vowels
  19. senses — > sibilant alphabets
  20. strength — > intermediate alphabets and
  21. sensual activities — > seven notes of music
  22. shadow – coverings of ignorance of the conditioned souls – five – tāmisra, andha-tāmisra, tamas, moha and mahā-moha.
  23. Body of ignorance – Yakṣas and Rākṣasas – Night.
  24. Glory of goodness – the chief demigods. Daytime.
  25. Buttocks – demons
  26. Impure body –> evening twilight –> damsel.
  27. Own loveliness – Gandharvas and Apsarās – form of moonlight – Viśvāvasu and other Gandharvas.
  28. Sloth – the ghosts and fiends
  29. Yawning by Brahmā – ghosts and hobgoblins – sleep – drooling – insanity.
  30. Own invisible form – navel – the hosts of Sādhyas and Pitās – invisible body – śrāddha.
  31. Invisible capacity of Lord Brahma – Siddhas and Vidyādharas – Antardhāna.
  32. Own reflection in the water – Kimpuruṣas and Kinnaras – shadowy form – their spouses sing his praises by recounting his exploits at every daybreak.
  33. Stretched Full length body of Brahma – the hair – snakes – ferocious serpents and Nāgas.
  34. Mind – The Manus – human form.
  35. Great sages – austere penance, adoration, mental concentration and absorption in devotion, accompanied by dispassion, control of senses. Characteristics – deep meditation, mental concentration, supernatural power, austerity, adoration and renunciation.

Two other forms:

  1. The male form: Manu named Svāyambhuva
  2. the woman: Śatarūpā, the queen of the great soul Manu

Five children of Manu and Śatarūpā:

  1. two sons – Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and
  2. three daughters, Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti 

Sages prayers to Lord Boar describing the various transcendental attributes of His (on Lord Shri Krishna’s incarnation as Lord Varaha):

  1. Form – performances of sacrifice
  2. Skin – Vedic hymns, Gāyatrī and others,
  3. Bodily hairs – kuśa grass,
  4. Eyes – clarified butter
  5. Four legs – four kinds of fruitive activities.
  6. Tongue – plate of sacrifice
  7. Nostril – another plate of sacrifice
  8. Belly – eating plate of sacrifice,
  9. Holes of ears – another plate of sacrifice
  10. Mouth – Brahmā plate of sacrifice
  11. Throat – plate of sacrifice known as soma
  12. Chewing – agni-hotra.
  13. Repetition of Your appearance – the desire for all kinds of initiation
  14. Neck – place for three desires
  15. Tusks – initiation and the end of all desires.
  16. Tongue – prior activities of initiation
  17. Head – fire without sacrifice as well as the fire of worship
  18. Living forces – aggregate of all desires.
  19. Semen – soma-yajña
  20. Growth – ritualistic performances of the morning
  21. Skin and touch sensations – seven elements of the agniṣṭoma sacrifice
  22. Bodily joints – symbols of various other sacrifices performed in twelve days.
  23. You – the object of all sacrifices called soma and asoma.
  24. Supreme Personality of Godhead – worshipable by universal prayers, Vedic hymns and sacrificial ingredients.

Seven islands described in Srimad Bhagavatam that are still current:

  1. Asia
  2. Europe
  3. Africa
  4. America
  5. Australia
  6. The North Pole
  7. The South Pole.

Eight divisions of yoga:

  1. Control of the senses
  2. Strict following of the rules and regulations
  3. Practice of the different sitting postures
  4. Control of the breath
  5. Withdrawing the senses from sense objects
  6. Concentration of the mind
  7. Meditation
  8. Self-realization.

Aspirations of people engaged in the modes of material nature:

  1. To be religious
  2. To be economically enriched
  3. To be able to gratify the senses and, at last
  4. To become one with the Supreme.

Two types of people in family life:

  1. Gṛhastha – Remain with a wife and children and at the same time attain advancement in spiritual life, a qualified wife is an assistant in every respect for advancement in spiritual activities.
  2. Grihamedhi – One simply satisfies his senses as a householder, to accept a wife means to satisfy the senses.

Two kinds of brahmacharis (unmarried)

  1. Naisthika – One who takes a vow of celibacy for his whole life.
  2. Upakurvana – Who takes the vow of celibacy up to a certain age, then with the permission of his spiritual master, he enters married life.

Four kinds of enemies at home:

  1. The father is in debt
  2. The mother has selected another husband in the presence of her grown-up children
  3. A wife does not live well with her husband but deals very roughly
  4. A son who is a fool.

Three stages of life for a woman:

  1. Dependency on the father in childhood
  2. Dependency on the husband in youth and
  3. Dependency on the grown-up son in old age.

Nine principal rishis, or sages:

  1. Marīci
  2. Atri,
  3. Aṅgirā
  4. Pulastya
  5. Pulaha
  6. Kratu
  7. Bhṛgu
  8. Vasiṣṭha and
  9. Atharvā.

Six circles of vital air circulation:

  1. First circle within the belly
  2. Second circle in the area of the heart
  3. Third is in the area of the lungs
  4. Fourth is on the palate
  5. Fifth is between the eyebrows and
  6. The highest, the sixth circle, is above the brain.

Three different activities for clearing the passage of breath:

  1. pūraka – Inhaling the breath
  2. kumbhaka – sustaining it within and
  3. recaka – exhaling.

Functions of Pranayama (Breath Control):

  1. To eradicate the contamination of one’s physiological condition
  2. Concentrating the mind to become free from all sinful activities
  3. Restraining the senses to free oneself from material association
  4. Meditating on the Supreme Personality of Godhead to become free from the three modes of material attachment.

Principles of Sankhya Yoga, as explained by Lord Kapiladeva, incarnation of Lord Shri Krishna to his mother Devahuti:

  1. Puruṣa – the Supreme Personality of Godhead or anyone who imitates the Supreme Personality of Godhead as an enjoyer
  2. prakṛti – “nature.”
  3. Intricacies – material world of the relationship of prakṛti and puruṣa, or the enjoyed and the enjoyer.
  4. saṁsāra – material entanglement.
  5. Material consciousness –> cause of one’s conditional life –> conditions are enforced upon the living entity by the material energy –> spirit soul does not do anything and is transcendental –> but gets affected by conditional life –> cause of the conditioned soul’s material body and senses, and the demigods –> material nature.
  6. feelings of happiness and distress of the soul –> caused by the spirit soul himself.
  7. pradhāna : subtle, undifferentiated sum total of all material elements. when the cause and effect are not clearly manifested (avyakta), the reaction of the total elements does not take place. condition of material nature immediately previous to its manifestation. the five gross elements, the five subtle elements, the four internal senses, the five senses for gathering knowledge and the five outward organs of action.
  8. prakṛti : When the total material elements are manifested by the interaction of the three modes of material nature
  9. Five gross elements : earth, water, fire, air and ether.
  10. Five subtle elements : smell, taste, color, touch and sound.
  11. Five senses for acquiring knowledge : auditory sense, sense of taste, tactile sense, sense of sight, sense of smell
  12. Five organs for action : the active organs for speaking, working, traveling, generating and evacuating.
  13. Four internal/subtle senses : mind, intelligence, ego and contaminated consciousness(false ego).  All these are considered the qualified Brahman.
  14. Mixing element: time – twenty-fifth element. (creation begins as a result of the agitation of the neutral, unmanifested nature).
  15. Brahman + three qualities goodness, passion and ignorance : material expansion (saguṇa) – twenty-five elements + time factor (past, present and future)
  16. Brahman – three qualities goodness, passion and ignorance : nirguṇa (simple unalloyed goodness)
  17. Supersoul – 26th element (the Supreme Personality of Godhead residing within the heart)
  18. Hiraṇmaya – material nature delivering the sum total of the cosmic intelligence on agitation by the destinations of the conditioned souls.
  19. mode of goodness – the clear, sober status of understanding the Personality of Godhead – vāsudeva or consciousness.
  20. release from the false ego –  Saṅkarṣaṇa worshiped through Lord Śiva; the snakes covering Lord Śiva – Saṅkarṣaṇa, and Lord Śiva always meditates upon Saṅkarṣaṇa.
  21. free from mental disturbances – Aniruddha – worship of the moon planet.
  22. to be fixed in one’s intelligence – Pradyumna reached through the worship of Brahmā.
  23. material ego (3 types) – mahat-tattva, which evolved from the Lord’s own energy.
  24. goodness – the mind
  25. passionate – the senses of perception and the organs of action
  26. ignorant – the gross elements
  27. Saṅkarṣaṇa, (Lord Ananta with a thousand heads) – The threefold ahaṅkāra, the source of the gross elements, the senses and the mind.
  28. false ego – the doer, as an instrument and as an effect – serene(goodness), active(passion) or dull(ignorance).
  29. false ego of goodness – the mind, whose thoughts and reflections give rise to desire – Lord Aniruddha, the supreme ruler of the senses (a bluish-black form resembling a lotus flower growing in the autumn) – four-handed, with Sudarśana cakra, conchshell, club and lotus flower.
  30. false ego in passion – intelligence – ascertaining the nature of objects when they come into view, and to help the senses – two kinds of senses: the senses for acquiring knowledge (intelligence), the senses of action (the vital energy).
  31. distinct characteristics of intelligence – Doubt, misapprehension, correct apprehension, memory and sleep.
  32. false ego in ignorance – sex energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead – the subtle element sound – the ethereal sky and the sense of hearing.
  33. sound – idea of an object, presence of a speaker, subtle form of ether.
  34. ethereal – accommodation of room for the external and internal existences of all living entities, namely the field of activities of the vital air, the senses and the mind.
  35. ether (evolves from sound) –> time –> the subtle element touch –> the air.
  36. Touch – Softness and hardness and cold and heat (the subtle form of air)
  37. action of air – movements, mixing, allowing approach to the objects of sound and other sense perceptions, providing for the proper functioning of all other senses.
  38. air + touch –> different forms –> fire –> eye –> color.
  39. form – dimension, quality and individuality.
  40. fire – effulgence – light, ability to cook, to digest, to destroy cold, to evaporate, to give rise to hunger, thirst, eating and drinking.
  41. fire + visual sensation –> the subtle element taste –> water –> the tongue.
  42. taste – astringent, sweet, bitter, pungent, sour and salty.
  43. water – moistening substances, coagulating various mixtures, causing satisfaction, maintaining life, softening things, driving away heat, refreshing by slaking thirst
  44. water + taste perception –> the subtle element odor –> the earth and the olfactory sense.
  45. Odor – mixed, offensive, fragrant, mild, strong, acidic…
  46. earth – modeling forms, constructing places of residence, preparing pots to contain water, etc – place of sustenance for all elements.
  47. Sound –> sky, sky –> air, air –> fire, fire –> water, and water –> earth. sky –> sound; air –> sound and touch; fire –> sound, touch and form; water –> sound, touch, form and taste; earth –> sound, touch, form, taste and smell (reservoir of all the qualities and the sum total of all other elements). earth –> all five qualities of the elements, water –> four qualities, fire –> three, air –> two, sky –> only one quality, sound.
  48. unmixed elements –> the Supreme Personality of Godhead + time + work, + qualities of the modes of material nature –> the total material energy in seven divisions(the five material elements, the total energy (mahat-tattva) and the false ego) –>  unintelligent egg ( manifestation of material energy) –> layers of water, air, fire, sky, ego and mahat-tattva –> outside layer covered by pradhāna –> Within this egg is the universal form of Lord Hari, of whose body the fourteen planetary systems are parts –>  the virāṭ-puruṣa

Process taken by the demigods and presiding deities to wake their origin of appearance (by reentering the body of the virāṭ-puruṣa one after another):

  1. god of fire entering His mouth with the organ of speech
  2. god of wind entering His nostrils with the sense of smell
  3. sun-god entering the eyes with the sense of sight
  4. deities of the directions entering through His ears with the sense of hearing
  5. deities of the skin, herbs and seasoning plants entering the skin with the hair of the body
  6. god predominating over water entered His organ of generation with the faculty of procreation
  7. god of death entering His anus with the organ of defecation
  8. god Indra entering the hands with their power of grasping and dropping things
  9. Lord Viṣṇu entering His feet with the faculty of locomotion
  10. rivers entering His blood vessels with the blood and the power of circulation
  11. ocean entering His abdomen with hunger and thirst
  12. moon-god entering His heart with the mind
  13. Brahmā entering His heart with intelligence
  14. Lord Rudra entering His heart with the ego, but even then the Cosmic Being did not stir.
  15. the inner controller, the deity presiding over consciousness, entered the heart with reason, the Cosmic Being arose from the causal waters.
  16. man in sleep –> material assets — the vital energy, senses for recording knowledge, senses for working, the mind and the intelligence — cannot arouse him – can be aroused only when the Supersoul helps him –> devotion, detachment and advancement in spiritual knowledge –> concentrated devotional service –> contemplate that Supersoul as present in this very body although simultaneously apart from it.

Eight kinds of forms of the Lord:

  1. Sand
  2. Clay
  3. Wood
  4. Stone
  5. Contemplated within the mind
  6. Jewels
  7. Metal
  8. Painted colours.

System of yoga, to concentrate the mind:

  1. Execute his prescribed duties to the best of his ability
  2. Avoid performing duties not allotted to him
  3. Satisfied with as much gain as he achieves by the grace of the Lord,
  4. Worship the lotus feet of a spiritual master.
  5. Cease performing conventional religious practices and attracted to those which lead to salvation.
  6. Eat very frugally
  7. Remain secluded so that he can achieve the highest perfection of life.
  8. Practice nonviolence and truthfulness, should avoid thieving
  9. Satisfied with possessing as much as he needs for his maintenance.
  10. Abstain from sex life,
  11. Perform austerity, Be clean,
  12. Study the Vedas
  13. Worship the supreme form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
  14. Observe silence,
  15. Acquire steadiness by practicing different yogic postures,
  16. Control the breathing of the vital air,
  17. Withdraw the senses from sense objects
  18. Concentrate the mind on the heart.
  19. Fix the vital air and the mind in one of the six circles of vital air circulation within the body
  20. Concentrate one’s mind on the transcendental pastimes of the Supreme Personality of Godhead
  21. Control the contaminated, unbridled mind
  22. Fix himself in thought of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
  23. Spread a seat in a secluded and sanctified place,
  24. Sit there in an easy posture,
  25. Keeping the body erect, and practice breath control.
  26. Clear the passage of vital air by practising pranayama system of breathing.
  27. Concentrate on the tip of the nose with half-closed eyes and see the form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Devotional service under various modes of material nature:

  1. The mode of darkness: a person who is envious, proud, violent and angry, and who is a separatist.
  2. The mode of passion: a separatist, with a motive for material enjoyment, fame and opulence.
  3. The mode of goodness: offering the results of one’s activities in order to free oneself from the inebrieties of fruitive activities.

Hierarchy of superiority of material objects:

inanimate objects

–> living entities –> display life symptoms

–> developed consciousness

–> who have developed sense perception

–> who have developed only the sense of touch

–> who have developed the sense of taste

-> who have developed the sense of smell

–> who have developed the sense of hearing

–> who can distinguish between one form and another

–> who have developed upper and lower sets of teeth

–> who have many legs

–> the quadrupeds

–> the human beings

–> the society which is divided according to quality and work

–> the intelligent men, who are designated as brāhmaṇas

–> one who has studied the Vedas

–> one who knows the actual purport of Veda

–> who can dissipate all doubts

–> who strictly follows the brahminical principles

–> who is liberated from all material contamination

–> a pure devotee, who executes devotional service without expectation of reward.

Development of embryo inside the female body (Embryology in Srimad Bhagavatham):

  1. Development of the body of the soul in four different ways : the trees and plants from the earth; flies, germs and bugs from perspiration; birds etc. from eggs; and humans etc. from an embryo.
  2. The first night, the sperm and ovum mix,
  3. The fifth night the mixture ferments into a bubble.
  4. Tenth night it develops into a form like a plum, and after that, it gradually turns into a lump of flesh or an egg.
  5. Course of a month, a head is formed,
  6. At the end of two months the hands, feet and other limbs take shape.
  7. The end of three months, the nails, fingers, toes, body hair, bones and skin appear, as do the organ of generation and the other apertures in the body, namely the eyes, nostrils, ears, mouth and anus.
  8. Four months from the date of conception, the seven essential ingredients of the body, namely chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen, come into existence.
  9. Five months, hunger and thirst make themselves felt,
  10. End of six months, the foetus, enclosed by the amnion, begins to move on the right side of the abdomen.
  11. The development of consciousness from the seventh month after conception,
  12. The ten-month-old , the wind that helps parturition propels him forth with his face turned downward so that he may be born.

Different processes of self-realization for understanding the Supreme Personality of Godhead:

  1. Performing fruitive activities and sacrifices
  2. Distributing charity
  3. Performing austerities
  4. Studying various literatures
  5. Conducting philosophical research
  6. Controlling the mind
  7. By subduing the senses
  8. Accepting the renounced order of life
  9. Performing the prescribed duties of one’s social order
  10. Performing the different divisions of yoga practice
  11. Performing devotional service
  12. Exhibiting the process of devotional service containing the symptoms of both attachment and detachment
  13. Understanding the science of self-realization
  14. Developing a strong sense of detachment.

Eight divisions in yogic practice:

  1. Yama
  2. Niyama
  3. Āsana
  4. prāṇāyāma
  5. pratyāhāra,
  6. dhāraṇā
  7. dhyāna and
  8. samādhi.

Three Principal deities (Trimurtis), their governing mode of material nature, their vehicle and their primary weapon:

  1. Lord Viṣhṇu – Mode of Goodness, a big aquiline bird(Garuda), disc (Sudharshana Chakra)
  2. Lord Brahma – Mode of Passion, Swan, kuśa grass.
  3. Lord Shiva – Mode of Ignorance/Darkness, Bull, a small drum called a ḍamaru.

Six qualities for the highly elevated:

  1. Education
  2. Austerity
  3. Wealth
  4. Beauty
  5. Youth and
  6. Heritage.

Description of Lord Nārāyaṇa :

  1. seated on the shoulder of Stotra, or Garuḍa, who had big wings
  2. face – lotus flower with bees humming over it,
  3. blackish complexion
  4. garment yellow like gold,
  5. helmet as dazzling as the sun.
  6. hair bluish, the color of black bees,
  7. face decorated with earrings
  8. eight hands held a conchshell, wheel, club, lotus flower, arrow, bow, shield and sword, and decorated with golden ornaments such as bangles and bracelets,
  9. whole body – blossoming tree beautifully decorated with various kinds of flowers,
  10. extraordinarily beautiful because the goddess of fortune and a garland on His chest,
  11. face beautifully decorated with a smiling attitude which can captivate the entire world,
  12. Fans of white hair on both sides of the Lord like white swans,
  13. white canopy overhead like the moon.

Pre-requisites for performing Yayna(Sacrifice):

  1. Fire
  2. The altar
  3. The auspicious full moon
  4. The period of four months called cāturmāsya
  5. The sacrificial animal
  6. The beverage called soma
  7. The specific hymns mentioned in the Vedas composed of four letters.

Signs of devastation:

  1. Irreligion and Falsity
  2. Bluffing
  3. Cheating
  4. Greed
  5. Cunning
  6. Anger
  7. Envy
  8. Quarrel
  9. Harsh Speech
  10. Death
  11. Fear
  12. Severe Pain and
  13. Hell.

Twelve forests in the area of Vṛndāvana:

  1. five forests on the eastern bank of the Yamunā: Bhadravana, Bilvavana, Lauhavana, Bhāṇḍīravana and Mahāvana.
  2. Seven forests on the western bank of the Yamunā: Madhuvana, Tālavana, Kumudavana, Bahulāvana, Kāmyavana, Khadiravana and Vṛndāvana.

ghāṭas, or bathing places in these forests:

  1. Avimukta
  2. Adhirūḍha
  3. Guhya-tīrtha
  4. Prayāga-tīrtha
  5. Kanakhala
  6. Tinduka-tīrtha
  7. Sūrya-tīrtha
  8. Vaṭasvāmī
  9. Dhruva-ghāṭa
  10. Ṛṣi-tīrtha
  11. Mokṣa-tīrtha
  12. Budha-tīrtha
  13. Gokarṇa
  14. Kṛṣṇagaṅgā
  15. Vaikuṇṭha
  16. Asi-kuṇḍa
  17. Catuḥ-sāmudrika-kūpa
  18. Akrūra-tīrtha
  19. Yājñika-vipra-sthāna
  20. Kubjā-kūpa
  21. Raṅga-sthāla
  22. Mañcha-sthala
  23. Mallayuddha-sthān, and
  24. Daśāśvamedha.

Ingredients for offering worship to the Lord:

  1. Pure water
  2. Pure flower garlands
  3. Fruits
  4. Flowers
  5. Vegetables
  6. Newly grown grasses
  7. Small buds of flowers
  8. Skins of trees
  9. Tulasi leaves.

Prince Dhruva’s Penance:

  1. First month : consuming only fruits and berries on every third day
  2. Second month : consuming only dry grass and leaves every six days
  3. Third month : consuming only drank water every nine days
  4. Fourth month : consuming only inhaled air  every twelfth day
  5. Fifth month: controlled his breathing so perfectly to stand on only one leg, just as a column stands, without motion.

Presentation for King Pṛthu’s (plenary expansion of the supreme personality of Godhead) coronation:

  1. Kuvera – golden throne
  2. Varuṇa – umbrella that constantly sprayed fine particles of water
  3. Vāyu – two whisks [cāmaras] of hair
  4. Dharma – flower garland
  5. Indra –  helmet
  6. Yamarāja – scepter to rule the world
  7. Lord Brahmā – protective garment made of spiritual knowledge
  8. Bhāratī(Sarasvatī) – transcendental necklace
  9. Lord Viṣṇu – Sudarśana disc
  10. the goddess of fortune – imperishable opulences
  11. Lord Śiva – sword within a sheath marked with ten moons
  12. Durgā – shield marked with one hundred moons
  13. moon – horses made of nectar
  14. Viśvakarmā – a very beautiful chariot
  15. Agni – a bow made of the horns of goats and cows
  16. sun-god – arrows as brilliant as sunshine
  17. predominating deity of Bhūrloka – slippers full of mystic power
  18. demigods from outer space – presentations of flowers
  19. demigods who always travel in outer space – the arts to perform dramas, sing songs, play musical instruments and disappear at his will
  20. great sages – infallible blessings
  21. the ocean – conchshell produced from the ocean
  22. The seas, mountains and rivers – room to drive his chariot without impediments, a sūta, a māgadha and a vandī – prayers and praises.

Maharaja Prthu on milking the planet earth with various living entities:

  1. King Pṛthu –> Svāyambhuva Manu – calf; all the herbs and grains from the earth in the form of a cow – cupped hands.
  2. Great sages –> Bṛhaspati – calf; all kinds of Vedic knowledge to purify words, mind and hearing – making the senses into a pot.
  3. Demigods –> Indra – calf; earth – soma (which is nectar).
  4. Sons of Diti and the demons –> Prahlāda Mahārāja – calf, liquor and beer – pot made of iron.
  5. Gandharvaloka and Apsaroloka –> Viśvāvasu – calf; milk – lotus-flower pot.
  6. Pitṛloka –> Aryamā – calf; kavya, food offered to the ancestors – unbaked earthen pot.
  7. Siddhaloka + Vidyādhara-loka –> sage Kapila – calf; specific yogic mystic powers, beginning with aṇimā – the whole sky into a pot.
  8. Kimpuruṣa-loka –> demon Maya – calf;  mystic powers by which one can disappear immediately from another’s vision and appear again in a different form.
  9. Yakṣas + Rākṣasas + ghosts + witches –> Lord Śiva’s incarnation Rudra [Bhūtanātha] – calf; beverages made of blood – pot made of skulls.
  10. Cobras + snakes without hoods + large snakes + scorpions +many other poisonous animals –> Takṣaka – calf; poison out of the planet earth and kept this poison in snake holes.
  11. Cows –> bull who carries Lord Śiva – calf; fresh green grasses – milking pot out of the forest.
  12. Tigers etc. –> lion – calf; flesh for milk.
  13. The birds –> Garuḍa – calf; moving insects and nonmoving plants and grasses.
  14. The trees –> banyan tree – calf; many delicious juices.
  15. The mountains –> Himālayas – calf; variety of minerals – pot made of the peaks of hills.

Various entities worshipped by King Pṛthu at the sacrificial arena:

  1. Demigods
  2. great sages
  3. inhabitants of Pitṛloka, Gandharvaloka, Siddhaloka, Cāraṇaloka, Pannagaloka, Kinnaraloka, Apsaroloka, earthly planets and
  4. planets of the birds.

Twenty-six qualities of a devotee:

  1. Kind to everyone
  2. Does not quarrel with anyone
  3. Fixed in the Absolute Truth
  4. Equal To Everyone
  5. Faultless
  6. Charitable
  7. Mild
  8. Clean
  9. Simple
  10. Benevolent
  11. Peaceful
  12. Completely Attached To Lord Shri Krishna
  13. Has No Material Hankering
  14. Meek
  15. Steady
  16. Self-Controlled
  17. Does Not Eat More Than Required
  18. Sane
  19. Respectful
  20. Humble
  21. Grave
  22. Compassionate
  23. Friendly
  24. Poetic
  25. Expert
  26. Silent.

To be continued…

Author: Rajini

"Knowledge is the ultimate perfection of self-realization.". (Srimad Bhagavatham 3.26.2) Trying to seek that knowledge through life experiences that leads to compassion, dispassion and ultimately satisfaction.

11 thoughts on “Summary of Teachings from Srimad Bhagavatham – Part One”

  1. It is endless … Good efforts to bring forth to summarize…. It is the deepest ocean unimaginable…. Bhagawatham is Divine to cover all aspects of very long past, the present and the ever Future..

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Happy morning!!! Excellent compilation of the great wisdom ( as mentioned by you in earlier scripts..srimad bagavadam is no different from the god himself..as it goes ..Krishna and the scripts that explains his glory are one and the same).
    My sincere thanks to you for having given this gist of nectar to us who find it very difficult to study this great treasure . blue print /guide of human existence ..srimad bhagavadam thoroughly .fully…with other priorities called duties in life…
    My respectful pranams to you for gifting this to people like me who wants to know the truth..but with very limited time available…
    I wish you all the best for the service that you are rendering..and wish the universe blesses you with that your atman needs…

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much for your valuable observations. All glories to Lord Gauraanga! All glories to Lord Nityananda! All glories to Shrimati Radharani! All glories to Lord Shri Krishna! All glories to Srimad Bhagavatham!!! Hare Krishna!

      Like

Please share your valuable thoughts...

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: